According to the Constitution the National Council may:
- propose to the National Assembly the passing of laws;
- convey to the National Assembly its opinion on all matters within the competence of the National Assembly;
- require the National Assembly to decide again on a given law prior to its promulgation;
- require inquiries on matters of public importance as referred to in Article 93.
Where required by the National Assembly, the National Council must express its opinion on an individual matter.
The National Council may propose to the National Assembly to adopt certain laws or amend certain legal provisions. The Council's role as proposer of initiatives is an important one within the legislative process. These proposals comprise initiatives and requests made by members, and proposals made by the National Council's commissions and interests groups.
The National Council adopts, and conveys to the National Assembly opinions regarding all matters within its sphere of competence. This means that the interests of the interest groups represented in the National Council are promoted within the National Assembly as well. National Council commissions also formulate opinions, positions and proposals when laws and other acts from their area of work are being discussed. The constitutional provision empowering such work of the National Council means that it can give opinions not only on laws, but also on revision of the constitution, state budget, declarations, EU affairs, appointments etc.
The National Council and its working bodies cooperate with the working bodies of the National Assembly, and forward their opinions to the latter concerning matters within their sphere of competence. The working bodies of the National Assembly discuss the opinions conveyed to them by the National Council or its working bodies. A representative of the National Council or of one of its working bodies may take part in discussions on its opinions at a session of a National Assembly working body. The chairman of a National Assembly working body notifies the President of the National Council or the chairman of a National Council working body of the position adopted by the National Assembly.
The Rules of Procedure of the National Assembly stipulate that the President of the National Assembly shall send National Council proposals, opinions and requests to all deputies and to the Government, and require that the competent working bodies and the Government send their opinions to the National Assembly. After discussing their proposals, opinions and requests, working bodies adopt a position and inform the National Assembly of that position.
The President of the National Assembly informs the President of the National Council of the decisions taken by the National Assembly regarding the National Council's proposals, opinions and requests.
The National Council may exercise a suspensive veto, which means it requires that the National Assembly decide again on a law prior to its promulgation. The National Council may exercise its right of suspensive veto within seven days of the adoption of the law in question.
Before the President of the Republic of Slovenia promulgates a law, the President of the National Assembly submits the text of the adopted law to the President of the National Council. Within seven days of the adoption of the law the National Council may require that the National Assembly decides again on a law. This competence is also known as suspensive veto.
To pass the law the second time the absolute majority in the National Assembly is required unless higher number of votes is required for adoption of the law in question according to the Constitution. After that the decision of the National assembly is final and may not be changed.
The National Council may require an enquiry on matters of public importance. The initiative to start parliamentary inquiry may be proposed by each member of the National Council. The National Council reaches a decision on the request for a parliamentary inquiry with a majority of votes of the councillors present at the session. As the proposer, the National Council appoints a representative to be present at the discussion of the parliamentary enquiry request at the session of the National Assembly.
The National Assembly may order an enquiry on matters of public importance. It must do so if this is requested by one-third of its deputies or by the National Council.
According to the Constitutional Court Act, the National Council may request for the commencement of proceedings to assess the constitutionality and legality of regulations and general acts issued for the exercise of public authority. .
The procedure for the authentic interpretation of the law is laid down in National Assembly’s Rules of Procedure. A proposal to adopt an authentic interpretation of a law may be presented by anyone entitled to propose a law, which includes the National Council.
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